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永利402com官方网站美国文化 Labour Day

作者: 风俗习惯  发布:2019-12-28

原标题:美国文化 Labour Day

5月***日 母亲节(Mothers' Day)(五月的第二个星期日)

西方节日

Chapter Eleven: Easter 

Easter is a very important Christian festivity. People celebrate the resurrection of Jesus Christ on the third day after his death.

Easter is celebrated on the first Sunday after the full moon in March. This is between 22 March and 25 April. The origin of the English word Easter is uncertain . It probably comes from the pagan goddess of spring, Eostre.

The pagans celebrated the arrival of spring with special festivals.

The Christian Easter slowly replaced the pagan festivals, but some symbols of the spring festivals remained, such as flowers, eggs, rabbits and bunnies . The tradition of the Easter basket is ancient. The pagans offered their eggs in grass baskets to the goddess Eostre.

In Britain and in the United States it is usual to send Easter cards to friends and relatives. For most Christian families Easter morning begins with a church service. Some Easter services begin very early in the morning. Others take place out of doors in a garden or park.

Easter is a time for Christians to be happy and there is special music in the churches. It is possible to hear George Frederick Handel's "Messiah" during some Easter services.

Hallelujah hallelujah hallelujah hallelujah hallelujah To celebrate Easter and the arrival of spring almost everyone wears something new: a new dress, a new suit, new shoes.

Before Easter Day American and British children paint Easter eggs with bright colours and designs. Coloured eggs were exchanged at ancient spring festivals. The egg is an ancient symbol of life and fertility . The decoration of Easter eggs began in England during the Middle Ages. Members of noble families gave one another gold-covered eggs as Easter presents!

On Easter Day in the United States. There is the traditional Easter egg hunt in every city and town. Parents tell their children that the Easter bunny hid many eggs in the park. The children must find the hidden eggs. Eggs are hidden in the grass, in a shrub or under a tree. When the children find the eggs they put them in colourful Easter baskets. The child with the biggest number of eggs is the winner.

The tradition of the Easter bunny and the basket of eggs was introduced by German immigrants long ago.

On Easter Monday children roll their eggs down a hill.

Egg rolling is an ancient Easter tradition. The first egg that reaches the bottom of the hill without breaking is the winner.

A famous egg-rolling contest takes place outside the White House in Washington DC on Easter Monday. The President of the United States invites children to roll eggs on the lawn of the White House.

At Easter time there are chocolate eggs, chocolate bunnies and sugar eggs in all sweet shops. Some eggs are personalized with a name on them.

Hot Cross Buns are a special Easter food. They are small sweet cakes with a cross on top. This cross represents Christ's death on the cross. The buns are usually eaten in Britain on Good Friday.

In many American cities and towns there is an Easter Bonnet Parade.

Girls and women with funny and bizarre Easter bonnets march in the parade. Most women make their own bonnets. There is a prize for the most original. The most famous Easter Bonnet Parade is in New York City, on Fifth Avenue. Thousands of people participate !

In 1933 the great American composer Irving Berlin wrote a song about the Easter Bonnet Parade. Here is a verse:

"In your Easter bonnet With all the frills upon it You'll be the grandest lady In the Easter parade."

Families usually spend Easter Day together. The traditional Easter meal consists of roast lamb, peas, new potatoes and eggs in many forms.

Chapter Twelve: May Day 

On the first day of May we celebrate the arrival of spring and warm weather. Everyone is happy to say goodbye to winter and to welcome spring.

Flowers bloom , leaves grow and baby animals are born in spring.

The May Day festival originated in the Roman Empire in about 258 BC.

It was a festivity in honour of Flora, the goddess of flowers and spring.

When the Romans invaded Britain the festivity was celebrated by the Britons too.

The ancient Celts celebrated spring the night before May Day. This festival was called Beltane. The Druids made big fires on top of the hills.

The Celts sat around the fires and ate, sang songs and danced happily.

In central Scotland Beltane is still an important festival. In the Middle Ages May Day was one of the merriest festivities in Britain. People went into the forest after midnight to pick flowers and plants. They returned the next morning and put the leaves and flowers in their hair. There was music,singing and dancing all day.

The most important event of the day was the dance around the Maypole.

The most beautiful young woman of the village became the Queen of the May. There were Morris dances too.

In Britain May Day is a public holiday and it is celebrated on the first Monday in May. It is not a public holiday in the United States.

In Britain and the United States there are still traditional Maypole dances on May Day. People in costumes dance around the Maypole. The Maypole is decorated with many coloured ribbons. The coloured ribbons represent the sun's rays and form a design on the Maypole.

In Britain many people in costumes do Morris dancing on May Day. They dance with bells and handkerchiefs. The tradition probably came from Spain in the 13th century when it was called Moorish dancing.

In the United States most elementary schools celebrate May Day with dances around the Maypole. In some American towns and universities there are May Day festivals. A young woman becomes the May Queen. Music,dancing around the Maypole and games are all part of the festival. There are beautiful floral decorations everywhere.

美国文化知多少

美国节日、美国五月份节日风俗人们一致决定将每年5月的第二个星期日定为母亲节。

中级故事:百万英镑!

Part One: From San Francisco to London

When I was 27 years old, I worked in an office in San Francisco. I did my job well and my future was promising. I was alone in the world and I was happy. On Saturday afternoons I didn't work. I sailed my little sailboat on San Francisco Bay. One Saturday afternoon, I sailed out too far. The strong afternoon wind pushed my sailboat out of the bay, into the Pacific Ocean.

That night, when I had lost all hope, a small British brig saw me and took me on board. The brig was sailing to London. The voyage was long and stormy. I worked as a sailor to pay for my trip.

When I arrived in London, my clothes were old and dirty. I had only one dollar in my pocket. With this dollar, I ate and slept for the first twenty-four hours. During the next twenty-four hours, I didn't eat and I didn't sleep.

At about ten o'clock the following morning, I went to Portland Place. I saw a child walking past, holding a big pear. The child ate one small piece and then threw the pear onto the street.

I stopped and looked at it. I was very hungry and I really wanted that pear.

But every time I tried to get it, someone passed by and looked at me. I

quickly turned in the other direction and waited for the person to pass by. I tried again and again to get that pear, but the same thing happened. I was desperate . I decided to get the pear and not to worry about the people who saw me. At that moment, a gentleman opened a window behind me and said,"Come in here, please."

A well-dressed servant opened the door. He took me to a beautiful room.

Here, two old gentlemen were sitting and discussing something important.

Their breakfast was still on the table. I was very hungry and I stared at their breakfast.

I want to tell the reader that the two gentlemen had made a bet several days before. I knew nothing about the bet until later. Let me tell you what happened.

Labour Day

永利402com官方网站,1911年,庆祝母亲节的活动已经开展得非常广泛,不仅席卷美国各州,而且连加拿大、墨西哥和南美的一些国家也都开始庆祝这个节日。此后几年中,庆祝母亲节的热潮有增无已。1912年,美国专门成立了母亲节国际协会。1913年5月,美国众议院一致通过决议,号召总统及内阁、参众两院和联邦政府的所有官员一律在母亲节佩带白色石竹花

n.(美)劳工节

1914年,美国国会正式命名5月的第二个星期二为母亲节。紧接着,威尔逊总统昭告全国公民在自己的住宅上悬挂国旗以表达人们对美国全体母亲的热爱和尊敬。此后美国总统每年都要发表一篇内容相同的宣言。在胸前佩带石竹花,颜色是有讲究的。初时一律为白色,后来则变成那些母亲已经去世的人佩带白色石竹花,而母亲仍然健在的人则佩带红色石竹花。这一天,人们总要想方设法使母亲愉快地度过节日,感谢她们一年的辛勤劳动。最普通的方式是向母亲赠送母亲节卡片或礼物,还有些家庭则由丈夫孩子们把全部家务活包揽下来。

节日是哪一天?

May

有哪些典故和习俗?

Mother's Day is observed in the United States in honor of mothers on the second Sunday in May. Julia Ward Howe wrote a Mother's Day proclamation in 1870. She wanted to have an international day when all mothers of the world would stand up and speak for peace, so their sons would not have to die in war. In 1907, Anna Jarvis proposed a day to remember all mothers. Today, Mother's Day is a holiday to remember mothers with cards, flowers and presents. Many people in the U.S. celebrate "el cinco de mayo". This means the 5th of May in Spanish. This holiday celebrates a battle won by Mexicans against the French. In some areas of the U.S., there are parades on this day. Many people eat Mexican food and listen to Mexican Music. The last Monday in May is Memorial Day. Since 1868, this federal holiday has honored the Union Civil War soldiers who died. Now, we remember all soldiers who died for this country. People decorate soldiers' graves. Many people also decorate the graves of their families.

中西文化差异

不同于众所周知的

“五一”国际劳动节,

美国的劳动节

是每年9月的

第一个星期一,

全国放假一天。

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When1分钟前

Labor Day in the United States is a public holiday celebrated on the first Monday in September.

vocabulary

☑ labor 是 美式英语拼写

☑ 美[ˈlebɚ]

☑ n.劳动; 劳工

☑ labour 是 英式英语拼写

☑ 英['leɪbə(r)]

长周末

适逢夏末初秋的好时节,

也是短途旅行、

户外游玩的佳期。

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Bye Summer

夏天结束的象征

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Summer1分钟前

Labor Day is called the "unofficial end of summer" because it marks the end of the cultural summer season.

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因为夏天的结束,

也有劳工节之后

不再穿白色

或棉纱质衣服的传统。

当然这个传统

在当下已不再时兴。

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橄榄球赛季开始

美国最火热的

橄榄球赛季

第一场比赛

通常是在劳工节

之后的星期四

NFL1分钟前

The National Football League (NFL) traditionally play their kickoff game the Thursday following Labor Day.

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Origin

美国的劳工节

其实发源于

加拿大多伦多。

1872年,多伦多工人

走上街头

争取自己的权益,

Canada1分钟前

Canada's Labour Day is also celebrated on the first Monday of September.

这场为工人

争取平等权力的运动

很快发展扩大到美国。

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第一次游行

Parade1分钟前

the first American Labor parade held in New York City on September 5, 1882

1882年9月5日,

一万多名纽约市的工人

聚集市中心,

呼喊“8小时工作、

8小时娱乐、

8小时休息”的口号

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vocabulary

☑recreation

☑美[ˌrɛkriˈeʃən]

☑英[ˌrekriˈeɪʃn]

☑n.消遣; 娱乐

☑[例句]Saturday afternoon is for recreation and outings.

☑周六午后是休闲和外出游玩的时间

第一个设立节日的州

俄勒冈1分钟前

In 1887, Oregon was the first state of the United States to make it an official public holiday.

1887年,

俄勒冈

Oregon

成为第一个

设立劳工节的州

联邦的法定节日

成为联邦节日1分钟前

By the time it became an official federal holiday in 1894, thirty states in the United States officially celebrated Labor Day.

1894年,

美国国会将

每年9月的第一个星期一

定为全国的劳工节

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为什么不是五一节

美国政府

之所以选择

9月第一个星期一

而不选择5月1日

作为劳动节,

就是因为这两个日子

代表着不同的意识形态

和解决劳资关系的不同方式。

代表人物

美国劳工联合会

第一任主席

塞缪尔·龚帕斯

(Samuel Gompers)

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美国劳工领袖龚帕斯

在美国工运的转向中

起了至关重要的作用,

后来美国工人运动

和第二国际的社会主义运动

渐行渐远

美国文化知多少

Labor Day

9月第一个星期一

夏天结束的象征

橄榄球赛季开始

康外英园 中国心 世界眼返回搜狐,查看更多

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